The chairs, benches. ottomas and bar stolls that are listed here have been upholstered over beech wood frames that are made in Italy. I offer two options, finished as showing and custom finished. The price for custom finishing includes a painted or wood stain frame and upholstery with your fabric and a tight seat finish as showing,and having a single or double pipping. I can also provide a quote for a gilded finish frame and upholstery with a separate seat as well as nail heads trim.